INCREASED DETECTION RISKS. Increased Antitrust Enforcement Directed at Bid-Rigging Cartels Raises the Risk of Detection. The Rise in Anti-Corruption Enforcement Further Increases the Risk of Detection. The Use of Structural Analysis and Empirical Screens to Detect Collusion. HOW STRUCTURAL AND EMPIRICAL ANALYSES CAN HELP DETECT COLLUSION IN BIDDING. Applying Economic Analyses to Available Data—Using What You‘ve Got. Screening for Bids That are Highly Correlated Even After Controlling for Legitimate Market
Conditions. Screening for Bid Prices That Are Disconnected from Costs or Other Market Factors. Screening for Changes in Bidding Patterns That Are Unexplained by Market Conditions. THE USE OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND EMPIRICAL SCREENS AS PART OF AN “EFFECTIVE” COMPLIANCE PROGRAM.